“.. there is no foundational Voynich research, botanical or otherwise”… N.P. (10th. July,  2016)

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There are four chief obstacles to grasping truth … namely, submitting to faulty and unworthy authority; being unduly influenced by custom – and by popular prejudice – and (fourthly) by striving to conceal beneath an ostentatious display of what little we do know, the true extent of our ignorance.

freely translated from the Latin of Roger Bacon, Opus Majus Bk IV.





Heckler, ‘Roger Bacon didn’t write it.’  Author: ‘Didn’t write what?’ H: the Voynich manuscript.   A: The quotation is from Bacon’s Opus Majus. H: Yeh, so, Bacon’s your theory.  A: Is he?  H: Well, if that isn’t your theory what did you quote him for? A: Because he said it first.




[Those adopting the analytic approach strive for clarity]. They accept only what they clearly understand. They often admit to being puzzled. Even when they feel sure, they still leave room  for other readings. In contrast to the tone of “I am always right,” it is far more realistic and pleasant when scholars write: “If I am right, [it] means …” or “How are we to understand this?” “How can we make this intelligible to ourselves?” “I will argue ….” and, “An objector might now question whether …”


from: Eugene T. Gendlin, Line by Line Commentary on Aristotle’s De Anima Books I and II  (2012)  ‘Introduction’ p.3.