Posted without translation of the Arabic labels (though if any reader would like to supply trans. and id’s. for me to publish later, that would be much appreciated).
Feb. 25th. – Dr. Muhammad Arshad has kindly offered details of the first six plants, and will provide more as time permits.
In the meantime, you might have fun testing your method for identifying Voynich plants on these pictures, to see what percentage you get right. 🙂
Compared to the Vms plants, these are a snap. They conform to western expectations, having come from Greek texts, and the plants are pictured with plenty of flowers, all coloured as in life, including those with parts or flowers coloured naturally in the pink-purple-black range. These roots are barely important, though they have been drawn to a convention, not to suit the whim of any scribe or painter.
Dr. Arshad wrote the following notes as a comment, but I’ve edited the post to include them here.
Many plants are still used by Hakeem(Traditional Herbalists) of south Asian region particularly Pakistan etc.
These arabic names are still used.
Folio 35 first plate left to right 1.زراوند (Aristolochia Plant), two types of Aristolochia are used A. Aristolochia longa(الزراوند الطويل)
B. Aristolochia rotunda(الزراوند المدحرج).
2. افیون (Opium extract of the plant of Papaver somniferum plant, the plant in picture is Opium Plant)
3.کندر ذکر (Kundar is a gum of Boswellia spp)
4.جند بیدستر ( Testis or Testile secretion of adult beaver, Castor canadensis and Castor fiber)
5.فلفل ابیض (Pipper nigrum Black pipper, Black and white peppercorns are both the fruit of the pepper plant, but they are processed differently. Black peppercorns are picked when almost ripe and sun-dried, turning the outer layer black. To produce white peppercorns, this outer layer is removed before or after drying, leaving only the inner seed.)
6.ورد (Red Rose ,Rosa damascena)
Muhammad Rizwan Arshad.
Original manuscript (12thC) Kitab al-Diryaq, or ‘Book of Antidotes’ or ‘Traité de la thériaque’, Bibliothèque Nationale de Paris, MS Arab. 2964 (see here)